Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 10

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 10

                           (Book 4 : Beyond Personality, The First Steps                                                      in the Doctrine of the Trinity, Chapters 9-11)

 

Chapter 9: Counting the Cost

People have been bothered by Lewis’ comments in the last chapter about being perfect. It doesn’t mean God won’t help you until your perfect. It means when you come to him you may think you want something less, but He says no the only help I will give is the help to become perfect. You may want something less, but I will give you nothing less.

Lewis says that when he was a child he knew if he went to his mom and his tooth hurt, she would give him some Tylenol and he would feel better. But sometimes he wouldn’t go and he’d hurt all night because he knew she’d also take him to the dentist. And he didn’t want to go to the dentist. Because once he got to the dentist, he wouldn’t just fix that one tooth, he’d find the other ones that were bad, but hadn’t started hurting yet and begin fiddling about.

Well, God is the same way.  People go to God to be cured of some one sin they’re ashamed of, like masturbation or physical cowardliness. Or something that is spoiling daily life like bad temper or drunkenness. Well, He will cure it alright. But, He won’t stop there. That may be all you ask, but once you call Him in , He will give you the full treatment.

That is why he warned people to count the costs before becoming Christians. If you let me I will make you perfect. But the moment you put yourself in my hands that is what you are in for, nothing else, nothing less. You have free will and if you choose you can push me away. But if you do not push me away, understand that I am going to see this job through. Whatever suffering it may cost you in your earthly life, whatever conceivable it may cost you after death, whatever it costs me, I will never rest, or let you rest, until you are literally perfect. So my Father can say without reservation he is well pleased with you, like he said he was well pleased with me. This I can do and will do. But, I will not do anything less.

This helper, who in the long run will be satisfied with nothing less than absolute perfection, will also be delighted with the first feeble, stumbling effort you make tomorrow to do the simplest duty.

You do need to get discouraged that you are not getting anywhere near perfection. Every time you fall, He will pick you up again. He knows that your own feeble efforts are going to bring you nowhere near perfection. On the other  hand, you must realize that the goal He is going to guide you to is perfection. And not power in this universe can keep Him from taking you to this goal. And that is what you’re in for.

If not we very likely to pull back and start resisting him after a certain point. Often we are inclined to think after he helps us with a sin or two, or the more obvious ones, that we are good enough. Now, that He has done all we would want him to do, we would be obliged if He would leave us alone.

See, we may say humbly, “Oh, I never thought I was going to be a saint. I just wanted to be a good ordinary chap. But it is not what we intended, it is what God intended. We don’t know his final intention. We can’t understand it. And it’s cowardliness, not humbleness to say I’m gonna stop here. Instead of to keep going to God’s final intention which is something so much greater than we can understand or imagine.

On one hand we must never imagine that our own unaided efforts can be relied on to carry us even through the next 24 hours as decent people. On, the other hand no possible degree of holiness or heroism which has ever been recorded in the greatest saints is beyond what he is determined to produce in everyone of us in the end. The job will not be completed in this life. But he means to get us as far as he can before death. That is why we must not be surprised if we are in for a rough time.

See we get rid of those first couple bad things that are noticeable and then think things should go on fine. Then when trouble comes along we want to know why. Well, because God is forcing us onward to continue growing. He is putting us in situations where we have to be braver or more patient or more loving than we ever dreamed we could be before. It seems to us all unnecessary. That is because we have not yet had the slightest notion of the tremendous thing he means to make of us.

The command be perfect is not idealistic gas. Nor is it a command to do the impossible. He is going to make us into creatures that can obey that command. He said in the Bible that we were gods and he is going to make good His word. If we let him, but we can prevent him if we choose. He will make the feeblest and filthiest of us into a god or goddess, a dazzling, radiant, immortal creature, pulsating all through with such energy and joy and wisdom and love as we cannot now imagine, a bright stainless mirror which reflects back God perfectly (though, of course on a smaller scale) His own boundless power and delight and goodness.

The process will be long and very painful; but that is what we are in for. Nothing less. He meant what he said.

 

Chapter 10: Nice People or New Men

Lewis  poses the question, “If Christianity is true, why are all Christians not nicer than all non-Christians? The first part of the answer is if a man’s conversion to Christianity makes no apparent difference in his outward actions, then we can assume that that conversion was largely imaginary. We must in one sense judge by results. Christ told us to. The tree is known by its fruit. Or the proof is in the pudding.

Christians who behave badly or refuse to behave well makes Christianity hard to believe for the outside world. But the outer world also makes an illogical demand, not only should individuals improve, but they should also see the whole world divided neatly into two camps, Christian and non-Christian. And that all the people in the Christian camp should be nicer at any given moment than all of the people in the non-Christian camp. This is unreasonable.

This is not that easy. There is no 100%Christian/non-Christian camp. For example, there are many people who are slowly ceasing to become Christians who still call themselves one. There are also many people who are slowly becoming Christians who don’t call themselves one yet. There are people who do not accept the full Christian doctrine about Christ, but are so strongly attracted to Him, that they are His in a much deeper sense than they understand.

There are people in other religions who are being led by God’s secret influence to concentrate on those parts of their religion that are in agreement with Christianity. And thus belong to Christ without knowing it. For example, a Buddhist might focus more and more on the Buddhist teaching of mercy while leaving others behind. Many of the good pagans before the time of Christ may have fallen into this category. Then, there are a lot of people who are just confused. Who have a lot of inconsistent beliefs all jumbled up together. Consequently, it is not of much use trying to make judgments of Christians and non-Christians in the mass.

Secondly, let’s talk about an actual Christian and an actual atheist in our own neighborhood, not imaginary. Not as a group, but actual. If Christianity is true, it ought to follow that, A: Any Christian would be nicer than HE would be if HE were not a Christian and, B: Any man who becomes a Christian should become nicer than he was before.

See, just because that Christian does not have as kind of a tongue as the atheist on the same block, does not mean that his Christianity is not true, the question is what that Christian’s tongue would be like if he were not a Christian. He must be compared to himself. What you do have the right to ask, is if that person is improving. Eventually, that Christian on the block is going to become much kinder if he is really in Christ.

However, is niceness the whole aim? Is it that nasty people need Christ and ones who are already nice do not?  In God’s eyes that kind atheist needs saving just as much as that nasty Christian who just started to clean up their act. The atheist was just naturally given as a gift from God a kinder temperament. Therefore, it was not his gift to God, but God’s gift to him.

In the same way, living in a world of sin, natural causes have produced this kind of sour Christian on your block. Who, yes, will become changed. But, there is a reason for her disposition as well. The Lord intends in His good timing to set that part of him right, but that is not the critical part for  God…. At the end of the day, it’s all about what they choose to do with their free will. Do they choose to turn to God? Do they choose Christ? See, the Lord can help them toward it, but at the end of they day He can’t make them. They have to choose it, choose Christ. That is the whole nature of free will.

The whole question is will that kind atheist, Dick, or that sour puss Christian, Jane, will offer their natures to God. Right now, what state their natures are in is of secondary importance. God created Dick’s sound nerves and good digestion, and there is plenty more where that came from. It costs God nothing, so far as we know, to create nice things: but to convert rebellious wills cost him crucifixion. And because they are wills they can – in nice people just as much as nasty ones – refuse His request. And then because that niceness in Dick was merely part of nature it will all go to pieces in the end. Nature itself will pass away.

There’s a paradox here. Along as Dick doesn’t turn to God. He thinks his niceness is his own. And as long as he is not offering to God it is not his own. It is only at the moment where he realizes his niceness is a gift from God and offers it back to God that it begins to become his own.

The only things we can keep are the things we freely give to God. What we try to keep for ourselves is what we are sure to lose. So you can follow that there will be nasty Christians because they are in the process of being changed. And you can even follow that thought through to say that nasty people are drawn to Christianity. That was people’s objection of Jesus and those he hung around. That will always be people’s objection to Christianity. Because those who are nasty come to realize they need Christ in greater number than those who are nice, well off and think they have it figured out on their own.

There is a silent warning or encouragement here for everyone of us. If you are a nice person – if virtues come easily to you – beware! Much is expected from those to who much is given. If you mistake for our own merits what are really God’s gifts to you through nature, and if you are contented with simply being nice, you are still a rebel: and all those gifts will only make you more terrible, your corruption more complicated, your bad example more disastrous. The Devil was an archangel once; his natural gifts were far above yours as yours are above those of a chimpanzee.

But if you are a poor creature – poisoned by a wretched upbringing in some house full of vulgar jealousies and senseless quarrels – saddled, by no choice of your own, with some loathsome sexual perversion – nagged day in and day out by an inferiority complex that makes you snap at your best friends – do not despair. He knows all about it. You are one of the poor whom He blessed. He knows what a wretched machine you are trying to drive. Keep on. Do what you can. One day (perhaps in another world, but perhaps far sooner than that) he will fling it on the scrap-heap and give you a new one. And then you may astonish us all – not least yourself: for you have learned your driving in a hard school. (Some of the last will be first and the first will be last.)

We must try to produce a world where as many people as possible are nice. But, we must now suppose that if we make everyone nice we have saved their souls. A world of nice people content in their own niceness, looking no further, turned away from God, would be just as desperately in need of salvation as a miserable world. And might even be more difficult to save. Mere improvement is not redemption; although redemption always improves people, even here and now. And in the end will improve them to a degree we can’t even imagine. God became man to turn creatures into sons. Not, to just simply produce better men of the old kind, but to produce a new kind of man.

It’s not like teaching a horse to jump better and better. It’s like turning a horse into a winged creature. Once it has got its wings it will soar over fences that it could’ve never jumped. It must beat the natural horse at its own game. But, there may be a period, when the wings are just beginning to grow when it cannot do so. And at that stage, the lumps on its shoulders, no one can tell by looking at them that they are going to be wings. It may even give it an awkward appearance.


Chapter 11: The New man

Lewis sets this up by saying, if you are a believer in evolution, thousands or millions of years ago when huge armored beasts roamed the Earth. The next natural steps in evolution would’ve been bigger, larger armored beasts. But, instead you end up with people, with brains, who think and reason and subdue the creatures. Well, that’s what Christianity is saying. We’re not going to go from brainy men to brainer men, but  off in a totally new direction. Change from being creatures of God to being sons of God. The first instance appeared in Palestine 2,000 years ago.

The steps in evolution before were centered around things that just happened, not in choices. But this is a choice. Not that we could’ve taken this step to become sons of God on our own, or that we in any way could finish the process or make ourselves into that. But, it’s voluntary in that we can reject it.

Lewis says he’s called Christ the first new man, but He’s not just the new man, he’s the origin, the creator the center of all new men. He brings with him the Zoe that he’s had forever and he transmits it, not be heredity, as evolution occurred through sexual reproduction and the next one taking on a litter different form, but he transmits it through what Lewis has called good infection.


So, in the scope of the universe, Christianity is still in its infancy, its still breaking teeth. The world sees it differently, though. The world things it’s on its way out. What it has thought so many times. Starting with the crucifixion of Jesus. Followed by other persecutions, followed by corruption within the church. This and that and Christianity’s dead. But, every time they think they have it buried and they’re patting down the Earth, it breaks out! And seems to have somehow spread to somewhere new.

The stakes could not be higher. For if you do not take this step from becoming a creature of God to a son of God the consequences are infinite and eternal. So think of it as childbirth. This is a new birth, but unlike childbirth we have a choice. Think of childbirth if the baby had a choice. They might well choose to stay in the womb where it seems warmer and safer. However, ultimately staying in the womb past when it should be would lead to death.

Same choice, we might choose to stay just a creature of God, but ultimately that choice keeps us from becoming a son of God and leads to death. See, these new births, these Zoe moments are happening in people all over the world. But, you must know what to look for. They will not be very like the idea of religious people, which you have formed from your general reading. They do not draw attention to themselves. They tend to think that you are being kind to them when they are really being kind to you. They love you more than other men do, but they need you less. We must get over wanting to be needed. They seem to have a lot of time and you are wondering where it comes from.

Once you recognize one, you’ll start to recognize more. And I think you’ll see that these people can recognize one another across color, class, creeds. So, becoming holy is sort of like becoming part of a secret society. To put it at the very lowest, it must be fun!

But, don’t think they’re all alike. Although to become new men, means losing ourselves, into Christ we must go. His will is to become ours. And we are to think his thoughts. To have the mind of Christ, as the Bible says.

Think of a person who never tasted salt and you have him taste salt. He tastes it by itself and gets that strong taste. You tell him that in most all dishes you use salt. He asks why would you want everything to taste the same. What we know is that the salt simply brings out the taste even more so of that dish. That illustration breaks down of course, because you can kill the flavor of the food by putting in too much salt. Where you cannot kill the taste of a human personality by putting in too much Christ.

It is something like that with Christ and us. The more we go of what we now call “ourselves” out of the way and let him take us over, the more truly ourselves we become. There is so much of Him that millions and millions of “little Christs,” all different, will still be too few to express Him fully. He made them all. He invented – as an author invents characters in a novel – all the different men that you and I were intended to be. In that sense our real selves are waiting for us in Him. The more I resist Him and try to live on my own, the more I become dominated by my own heredity and upbringing and surroundings and natural desires. All I am is a bunch of random events, and not so much really a person, as I like to believe, on my own. It is when I turn to Christ and give myself to His personality that I first begin to have a real personality of my own.

At the beginning I said there were personalities in God, I will go further now. There are no real personalities anywhere else. Until you have given up yourself, you will not have a real self. Sameness is to be found most among the most “natural” men, not among those who surrender to Christ.Think about who monotonously alike all the great tyrants and conquerors have been: how gloriously different are the saints.

But there must be a real giving up the self. You must throw it away “blindly” so to speak. Christ will indeed give you a real personality. But, you must not go to him for the sake of that. As long as your own personality is what you are bothering about you are not going to Him at all. The very first step is to try to forget about the self altogether. Your real, new self (which is Christ’s and also yours, and yours just because it is His) will not come as long as you are looking for it. It will come when you are looking for Him.

Submit to death, death of your ambitions and favorite wishes every day and death of your whole body in the end: submit with every fiber of your being, and you will find eternal life. Keep back nothing, nothing that you have not given away will ever really be yours. Nothing in your that has not died will never be raised from the dead. Look for your self, and you will find in the long run only hatred, loneliness, despair, rage, ruin, and decay. But look for Christ and you will find Him with everything else thrown in.

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Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 9

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 9

(Book 4 : Beyond Personality, The First Steps in the Doctrine of the Trinity, Chapters 7-8)

Lewis entitled chapter 7, Let’s Pretend. And he starts by asking the reader to think of two stories. The first is Beauty and the Best, where Beauty had to marry the Beast and she did. She kissed him as if he were a man and he turned into a man. The other is of a man who had to wear a mask that was much more handsome than he really was. And he wore it for years and he found that when he took it off, he now looked as he did with the mask. His disguise had become a reality.

We want to transition from talking about God and who He is and what He’s done to talking about practice. What do we do next? What difference does all of this theology make?

Think of when you say the Lord’s prayer and you say “Our Father” , Do you realize what you are doing? You’re putting yourself in the place of a Son of God. To put it another way you are dressing up like Christ. From the moment you realize what the words mean, you realize you are not a son of God. You’re not being like the Son of God whose will and interests are at one with the Father. You are a bundle of self-centered fears, hopes, greeds, jealousies, and self conceit. All doomed to death.

There is a time when pretending is good. That is when the pretense actually leads up to the real thing. For example, you’re not in a great mood, but you know you should be friendly toward others still. So, you pretend like you’re in a good mood and you are friendly toward others. And usually you find that in not too long, you’re really in a better mood.

Remember, as you pretend the real Son of God is at your side. And he is trying to turn you into the same thing as himself. He’s beginning to inject his Zoe into you to turn the tin soldier into a live man. And the part that doesn’t like it is the part that’s still tin. So, when you’re praying and you hear him telling you to go downstairs and help your wife with the dishes. You hear him telling you to apologize for harsh words you said earlier in the day. Stop and go do it. Because in that moment you are becoming more like him!

If I don’t hear the “whispering of God,” how else can I see Him working in my life? Some of us who have never had this experience of feeling as if an invisible Jesus is there helping us, but you’ve had others help you. But this is Christ working through others. He works through others, through nature, through our own bodies. Sometimes through experiences that don’t even seem Christian. Think of a woman who says when the bread shortage comes it won’t affect her family because they have toast. Well, there’s not toast without bread. All of these other things would not be happening without first, Christ.

When a young man who has been going to church in a routine way, honestly realizes he does not believe in Christianity and stops going, provided he does it for honesty sake and not just to annoy his parents, the spirit of Christ is probably nearer to him than it ever was before.

Above all, Christ works on us through each other. Men are mirrors. Carriers of Christ to other men. Sometimes, unconscious carriers. This good infection can be carried who have not go it themselves. People who are not Christians. Lewis says people who are not Christians helped him to reach Christianity. See, we are so important to each other. You might say that when two Christians are helping each other follow Christ, there is not twice as many Christianity but sixteen times as much Christianity.

So, who gets the credit when a person does something “good” for you?We must come to recognize the help we receive from other humans as Christ through them. If not, we come to rely on humans. When our reliance should be on Christ.We must be thankful and honor these human beings who have helped us. But, never pin our faith on them. We can never pin our faith on a human being.

We must come to have the mind of Christ. The New Testament talks about Christians being born again. Putting on Christ. About Christ being formed in us. About our coming to have the mind of Christ.

This is much more than reading what Christ says and carrying it out.  It means that a real person, Christ, here and now. In the very room where you are saying your prayers, is doing things to you. It is not a question of a good man who died 2,000 years ago. It is a living man, still as much a man and still as much God as when he created the world. Really coming and interfering with your very self. Killing the old natural self in you and replacing it with the kind of self he has. First for only moments, then for longer periods. Finally, if all goes well, turning you permanently into a different sort of thing. Into a new little Christ. A being which, in its own small way, has the same sort of life as God. Which shares in his power, joy, knowledge and eternity.

What should happen is we begin to notice not just our sinful acts, but our sinfulness. Not just about what we do that is wrong, but about who we are. For example, Lewis says when he asks for forgiveness in the evening, he often goes straight to his lack of charity (love). Where he snapped or snubbed or sneered at somebody. But, his quick excuse is that I was caught off guard in that situation. It happened in a split second. Well, the greatest picture of who we really are would have to be what we do when we are caught off guard and don’t have time to think it through. And he sees that who he is in those moments, is sinful. And does not choose right.

On the other  hand, how many of our good deeds are done out of bad motives, just to show off. Because you feel superior to someone, because we want people to look at us a certain way, because it will bring some sort of good back to us. So at the end of the day we can see that it is not just about changing what we do, but remember the most important thing is to change who we are on our deepest level.

The paradox…Only God can do it, but I need to keep pretending I can! But, I cannot just by direct moral effort, just give myself new motives. We must realize that everything that needs to be done in our souls can be done only by God.

Secondly, I’ve been talking as if we do everything, but it is God who does everything. We at most allow it to happen to us. God, the Great Pretender! See, God does much more pretending than us. He sees before him a grumbling, greedy, self-centered human being and says, “Let’s pretend this is just this type of creature. But let us pretend this a  Son of God.”

It is like Christ because it is a man and Christ also became a man. But, let us also pretend it is like Christ in spirit. Let us treat it as if it were, what it in fact is not. Let us pretend until we make the pretense into a reality. God looks at you as if you were a little Christ. Christ stands beside you in order to turn you into one. Isn’t this how it always works? A higher being pretending for a lower one? A mother pretends her baby understands her by talking to her until her baby really talks. We treat our dogs as if they were human until they almost are human to us.

In Chapter 8, Lewis moves on to answering the question “Is Christianity Hard or Easy?” We talked about sort of dressing up in the last chapter to be like Christ. This is not one of many exercises a Christian must do. Nor is it set aside for the top class of Christians. Being like Christ is the whole of what Christians must do.

Becoming like Christ is not the same as becoming good in how we think of it. How we think of it is saying there are things we know we want do but they’re wrong, so I am going to stop them. The things that we don’t want to do that we know are right for the good of others or the society, so we must do them. But, we still hope that there is time left for us to just do what we want to do. So, one of two things happens. Either we give up on wanting to be good and just be selfish or we become quite unhappy because what we are doing is things we don’t really want to be doing to be good.

The Christian way is different, harder and easier. “I have not come to torment your natural self, but to kill it. Hand over your whole natural self, things you think innocent, things you think wicked. I will give you a new self instead. In fact, I will give you myself.”Christ himself both describes the Christian way sometimes as very hard and sometimes as very easy. He says, “Take up your cross” but the next minute, “My yoke is easy and my burden light.”  He means both.

You can see how both are true. For example someone who just memorizes a math equation to solve just that one problem and it seems easier now. And the other person who takes the time to understand it. But later, on the test he flies through it because he really understands and the other one who is so labored because he doesn’t really understand the process. It was hard at first for the one who learned it, but easier now.

With Christ it’s the same way, because yes it’s hard to take up your cross and kill your whole self and take on Christ, but in the end it’s much easier than trying to remain yourself and be good in your own natural self, under your own power.

It starts each morning when you wake up and all the things you think you need and you want come rushing in and you stop and listen to that still voice to what He wants. And at first this is so difficult. But, then it becomes more and more who you are . It’s the difference between just putting on a layer of paint and using stain which seeps in and soaks through.

See, when Christ said Be perfect, he meant be perfect. Remember, in the Christian life there is nothing else. This is it. What is the sole purpose of the Church (and maybe the universe)? The church may think it exists for many reasons, but the only thing it exists for is draw men into Christ, to make them little Christs. If they are not doing that, all the cathedrals, clergy, missionaries and the Bible itself are just a waste of time. God became man for no other purpose. And it is doubtful whether the whole universe was created for any other purpose. 

It says in the Bible everything in the universe was made for Christ and everything is to be gathered together in him. It’s the only thing we were made for. And there are strange, exciting hints in the Bible, that when we are drawn in a great many other things in nature will begin to come right. The bad dream will be over. It will be morning.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 8

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 8

(Book 4 : Beyond Personality, The First Steps in the Doctrine of the Trinity, Chapters 4-6)

In chapter 4, Lewis speaks of a Good Infection. He starts out with an example. Imagine two books lying on a table, one on top of the other. The bottom books is keeping the other one up, supporting it. It’s because of the underneath book that the top book is resting two inches from the surface of the table, instead of touching the table. The underneath book is A, the top book is B. The position of A is causing the position of B. Imagine that both books have been in that position forever and ever. In that case B’s position would always have been resulting from A’s position. But, all the same A’s position would not have existed before B’s position. In other words, the result does not come after the cause. Of course, results usually do.

But it’s not so with all causes and results. This is important that one thing can be the source or origin or cause of another without being there before it. If not, using a word like the Father begets the Son makes it sound as if the Farther was there first, but even thought He begets the Son, they both have always been.

The Son exists because the Father exists, but there never was a time before the Father produced the Son.While it is important to understand that they both have always been, you have to be careful not to go away from the picture the Bible paints for too long of the Father and Son. Because if that is how God felt was the best way to describe the relationship between He and Jesus, it’s a relation of love, the Father delights in His Son, the Son looks up to His Father.

God is love has no real meaning unless God contains at least 2 persons. Love is something that one person has for another person. So if God were a single person, then God would have had no love before the world was made. Christianity believes that God is not a static thing, not even a person, but a dynamic pulsating activity, a life, almost a kind of drama, almost a kind of dance. The union between the Father and the Son is such a live concrete thing that this union itself is almost a person.

What grows out of the joint life of the Father and Son is a real person, in fact is the third of the three person who are God, the Holy Spirit.Don’t worry that the Holy Spirit tends to be more vague or shadowy in your mind. In a Christian life, you are not usually looking act Him, he is usually acting through you. If you think of the Father as something out there in front of you and of the Son as someone standing at your side helping you to pray, trying to turn you into another Son; then you have to think of the third person then as something inside you or behind you.

The whole dance and drama of this Three Personal is to be played out in the life of each one of us. Each one of us has got to enter that pattern, take his place in the dance. There is no other way to the happiness for which we were made. Good things as well as bad you know are caught by infection. If you want to get warm you must stand by the fire. If you want to get wet, you must get in the water. If you want to have joy, peace, power and eternal life you must get close to or even into the thing that has it.

Christianity believes we can if we come to share in the life of Christ. Which takes us from being bios to Zoe. Which takes us from being created to sharing in the life of being begotten. Takes us from being statues to being Sons of God. Jesus came to this world and became a man in order to spread to other men the kind of life He has, what Lewis calls good infection. Every Christian is to become a little Christ, it is the whole purpose of becoming a Christian, there is simply nothing else.

Chapter 5 brings us the example of “The Obstinate Toy Soldier.” The Son of God became a man that man may become Sons of God. The natural life inside each of us is self-centered. It wants to be admired, to take advantage of other lives. It must be left to itself and kept away from anything better or higher or stronger than itself; anything that might make it feel small. It is afraid of the light and air of the spiritual world. It knows if the spiritual realm gets a hold of it, all of its self and will would be killed.

Imagine having a toy tin solder that you make into flesh. But it doesn’t want to be. It doesn’t see it that way. It only sees it as you killing the tin and will do anything it can to prevent it. Well, that’s what we did with God. And what God did about it, the second person of God, the Son, became human Himself.  Was born into the world an actual man. The eternal being, creator of the universe became a fetus, a baby. If you want to get the hang of it, think how you would like to become a slug or a crab.

Now, you have (in Jesus) the picture of what all men were intended to be. The difficulty in us is that our natural life has to be killed. So Jesus chose an earthly life, in which the killing of His desires was almost daily. Being disowned by his friends, ridiculed by his own family, arrested for no wrong doing, tortured and dying execution style. And then, the human creature in him, because it was united to the divine Son came to life again. The man in life rose again, not only the God. That is the whole point. For the first time we saw a real man, one tin soldier, real tin like the rest, become fully and splendidly alive.

If you could see humanity spread out in time as God sees it, it would not look like a bunch of separate dots as we see it, it would like one connected thing.  Sort of like a tree. Every individual would appear connected to every other. We are not really separate from God either, any more than we are separate from one another. Every man, woman and child is feel and breathing only because God is keeping him going. (My thought: If we are a tree, than God is the sun and the rain!)

So, when Jesus became man. It is not really as if he could become one particular tin soldier. It is as if something that is always affecting the whole human mass begins, at one point, to affect the whole human mass in a new way. From that point, the affect spreads to all mankind. It makes a difference to people who lived before Christ as well as to people who lived after. It makes a difference to people who have never heard of him. It is like dropping into a glass of water a drop of food coloring.

The business of becoming a son of God, changing from a natural to a spiritual being has been done for us. Of being turned from a created thing to a begotten thing. Humanity is already saved in principal. We individuals have to appropriate (seize) that salvation. The tough part we could not have done for ourselves has been done for us. We can not climb up into spiritual life by our own efforts; it has already come down for the human race.

If we only lay ourselves open to the one man in whom it was fully present; in whom in spite of being God was also a real man. He will do it in us and for us.Remember good infection. One of our own has this new life; if we get close to him we will catch it from him.

You can express this in all sorts of ways: Christ died for our sins. You can say God has forgiven us because of what Christ has done for us what we ought to have done. You may say we are washed in the blood of the Lamb. You may say that Christ has defeated death. They are all true. If any do not appeal to you, leave it alone and get on with a formula that does. And whatever you do, do not start quarreling with other people because they used a different formula from yours.

Chapter 6 is titled “Two Notes.” The question was asked, “Why did God not just beget many more sons, instead of having them go through the painful process of having them transformed from a creature to a son?Lewis replied, “First of all, had the process would not have been painful had the human race not turned away from God centuries ago. They were able to do this because He gave them free will. And he gave them free will because robotic humans can never love. Therefore, no happiness.

Secondly, the idea that the whole human race is one thing, one huge organism like the tree, must not be confused with the idea that individual difference do not matter. Or that individuals are less important that collective things such as classes, races and so forth. Christianity thinks of human individuals not as mere members of a group or items on a list, but organs in a body.  Different from one another and each contributing what no other could.

So, remember when you are wishing that someone would be a little more like you, they’re not supposed to be, they’re a different organ. But, when you’re choosing not to help or care for someone else because you’re more worried about yourself, you have to remember they’re part of the same organism.

So, which is more important, the individual organs, or the whole body?Satan would love to draw you toward one of these two errors; doesn’t mater which one. Either being Totalitarian (Dictatorial, One Party or Individualists. He does that so that when you think so poorly of the one that you move to the other and you’re still in error. However, as Christians we must go right in between both errors  to the actual goal.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 7

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 7

(Book 4 : Beyond Personality, The First Steps in the Doctrine of the Trinity, Chapters 1-3)

Chapter 1 of Book 4 is called Making and Begetting. Lewis starts off by defining theology as the Science of God and I think any man who wants to think about God at all, would like to have the clearest and most accurate ideas about Him which are available.

Think of a man seeing the Atlantic Ocean from the beach and having an awe-inspiring experience. Then think of a map, just colored paper. However the map has been laid out by thousands of people’s experiences that make it authenticated. Now, looking at the Atlantic Ocean is one thing, but if you wanted to sail it, you would need the map. That’s what theology is, sating you’ve had these vague religious experiences, these emotional experiences is one thing, but if you want to go deeper, if you want to have a real experience with God, that what theology is. Because, it’s been laid out by thousands of people who have already trod the course and it’s our map of how to know God more deeply.

Popular theology would say Jesus is another great moral teacher and if we follow His teachings, the world sure would be a better place. However, (A) that’s a shallow view and (B) we never follow the great teachers. Or else there are lots of great teachers who could have come along and could’ve made the world a happier place. See, when you get into Christian theology, it says Jesus is the Son of God and we put our confidence in Him and we gain Sonship as well and that His death saved us from our sins. Becoming sons of God is more than just the general sense that God created us, loves us and takes care of us, which makes Him like a Father. It means before all time began, before anything was in existence as we know it, Christ was begotten, not made.

To beget is to become the Father of, to create is to make. The difference is this, when you beget, you beget something of the same kind as yourself. A man begets human babies. A beaver little beavers, etc. But, when you make, you make something of a different kind. A bird makes a nest, a beaver builds a dam, etc. What God begets is God, what God creates is not God. Man has a shape or likeness to God, but man does not have the same kind of life as God.  Every thing God has made has some likeness to himself.

Space is like God in its hugeness and greatness. The vegetable world is like him because it is a alive and He is a living God. But, it is only a kind of symbol or shadow of God. Man not only lives, but loves and reasons. Out of all creatures that we know of, we are the most like God; but what man in his natural condition has not got is spiritual life. The higher and different sort of life that exists in God.

The difference between biological life and spiritual life is so different. Biological life is Bios. Spiritual life is Zoe. The man who changed from having bios to Zoe would have gone through as big of a change as a stature carved in the shape of a man turning into a living, breathing man. This is precisely what Christianity is about. On Earth, we are just a great sculpture shop, but there is a rumor going around that one day these sculptures are going to come to life.

The Three Personal God is Chapter 2. There are many people who think of God as something more than personal. But, what they end up with an impersonal God. Christianity is the only religion on the market who looks as God as something Super-personal or more than personal.

God’s dimensions we find a being who is three person, while remaining one being. Just as a cube is six squares, while remaining one cube. Though we can’t firmly comprehend, we can get a faint notion of this. And when we do, we are getting a look at something Super personal, something more than personal. The important thing is not to be able to talk about it and explain it, because a way it’s unexplainable, but it is to be drawn into it.

When a Christian prays, he is trying to get in touch with God. But, if he is a Christian, he knows what is prompting him to pray is also God, God inside of him. But, he also know that all His real knowledge of God comes through Christ, the man who was God. That Christ is standing beside him, helping him to pray, praying for him. God is the thing to which he is praying, the goal he is trying to reach. God is also the thing inside of him, pushing him on, the motive. God is also the road or bridge on which he is being pushed to that goal. So that the whole three-fold life of the personal being is actually going on in when an ordinary man is saying his prayers. The man is being called up into the higher kind of life, Zoe, the spiritual life. He is being pulled into God but God, while still remaining himself. Theology is somewhat like experimental Science If you want to get to know a person, that other person must let you get to know him. If he doesn’t want to, you can’t get to know him. It takes equal initiative to becomes friend. When it comes to knowing God the initiative lies on His side. If He doesn’t show Himself, nothing will enable you to find Him. And in fact He shows much more of himself to some people than to others. Not because He has favorites, but because it is impossible for Him to show Himself to a man whose whole mind and character are in the wrong condition. The instrument through which you see God is his whole self. And if a man’s self is not kept clean and bright a glimpse of himself will be blurred like a moon seen through a dirty telescope.

We need a community of believers to see who God really is. God can show himself as He really is only to real people. Not just individually good, but people who are united together in a body loving one another, helping one another, showing Him to one another. For that is what God meant humanity to be like; like players in one band or organs in one body. The one adequate instrument for learning about God is the whole Christian community. Christian brotherhood, is so to speak, the technical equipment for this science.

Now if we were making up our own religion, Christianity could be simpler. Anyone could make a simpler religion if they have no facts to deal with, but Christianity is based on facts.

Chapter 3, Time Beyond Time.

Often people have difficulty with God attending to several hundred million people at once as they pray. All in that one moment. The difficulty is of time and the thought of God being able to do all of that at once. However, almost certainly God is not in time. His life does not consist of moments following one another. If a million people are praying to Him at 10:30 tonight, He need not listen to all of them at that one little snit bit that we call 10:30. 10:30, and every other moment since the beginning of the world, is also the present to Him. Suppose I am writing a novel and write, “Mary laid down her work and the next moment a knock came at the door.” For Mary, who has to live in the imaginary time of my story, there is no interval between putting down the work and hearing that knock. But I who am Mary’s maker do not live in that imaginary time at all. Between writing the first half of that sentence and the second half I can sit down for three hours and think steadily about Mary. I can think about Mary as if she were the only character in the book for as long as I please. And the hours I spend doing so would not appear in Mary’s story, the time inside the story at all.

God is not hurried along by the time in this universe any more than an author is hurried along by the time in his own novel. He has infinite attention to spare fore each one of us. He does not have to deal with us in the mass. You are as much alone with Him as if you were the only being He had ever created. Just as when Christ died for you, He died for you individually as if you were the only man in the world.

God does not live in a time series at all. For Him, it is so to speak, 1950 still and already 2050 as well. For His life  is in Himself. If you picture life as a straight line along which you must travel, you must picture God as the whole page on which the line is drawn. To come to the parts of the line one by one we have to go from A to B to C, but God from above contains the whole line and sees it all.

Carry this thought of all time happening at once over to Jesus coming to Earth. It is really I suggest a timeless truth about God, that human nature and the human experience of weakness and sleep and ignorance are somehow included into His whole divine life. This human life in God, is from our point of view a particular period in the history of our world, from the year AD 1 to the crucifixion. We therefore imagine it is also a period in the history of God’s own, but God has not history. He is too completely and utterly real to have one. Because to have a history means losing part of reality, because it has already slipped away into the past. And not yet having another part, because it is still in the future. In fact, having nothing but the tiny little present which is gone before you can speak of it. God forbid we should think God is like that.

Now, carry this over into the free will argument. If God foresaw our acts, it would be very hard to say we had the freewill not to do them. But, if God is outside and above the timeline, in that case what we call tomorrow is visible to Him, in the same way as what we call today. All the days are now for him. He does not remember seeing you do things yesterday, he simply sees you doing them. It is though you have lost yesterday, He has not.

He does not foresee you doing things tomorrow, he simply sees you doing them. For although tomorrow is not yet there for you, it is for Him. In a sense, He does not see your action until you have done it, but then the moment in which you have done it is already now for him.It is a great Christian idea, but not Biblical and you can be a perfectly good Christian without accepting it.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 6

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 6

(Book 3 : Christian Behavior, Chapters 10 – 12)

In Chapter 10, Lewis begins by telling us that hope is the eternal perspective. Now, that doesn’t mean not doing anything for this world, because you’ll find that throughout history Christians who have done the most for the present world are the ones who looked most toward the next.We will leave our mark on earth when our minds are occupied on heaven. It’s when Christians cease to think about the next world they have become so ineffective in this.

Lewis says that if you aim at heaven you will get earth thrown in. If you aim at earth you will get neither. Most people do not long for heaven if they’re honest with themselves for a couple reasons. First off, they’ve been trained to think about now and this world. And secondly, you don’t realize you’re longing for heaven. Most people want something beyond what they can have right now. Something they can’t even quite put their finger on. That longing is heaven.

Is there anything that lives up to the anticipation and initial excitement of something new in our life? The excitement of something new; a new marriage, a new vacation, a new job. Yet, the reality of that is even if its best marriage, the best job, the best vacation, something evades that initial excitement. There is something we grasp at in the first moment of longing and it just fades away in reality.

There are two wrong ways of dealing with this and one right way. The first way is the fool’s way. He puts the blame on the things himself. He thinks if only he found the right woman, vacation or job that would give him satisfaction. The second way is the way of the disillusioned sensible man. He decides its all rubbish. It’s all fantasies of youth. By the time you get older you realizes its not going to happen. He settles down and learns not expect too much and represses a part of himself that used to, as he would say, cry for the Lord. This is a better way than the first one.

The their way is the Christian way. It says creatures are not born with desires unless satisfaction for those desires exists. If I found in myself a desire for which no experience in this world can satisfy, the most probable explanation was that I was made for another world. Probably earthly pleasures were never meant to satisfy it, but only to arouse it, to suggest the real thing. If this is so, I must take care on one hand to never despise or be unthankful for these earthly blessings, and on the other never to mistake them for the something else which they are only a kind of copy or an echo. I must keep alive in myself the desire for my true country which I will not find until after death. My main object of life must be to press on to this other country and to help others to do the same.

Lewis talks about how the music and crowns and gold are all imageries, not to be literal, but to show us that we have something extraordinary awaiting us. As each one represents something different. The music is something that a lot of people see as joyful and ecstasy. The crowns of sharing in God’s power when we get there.The gold, the endlessness of heaven, because it does not rust.These things are an attempt to express the inexpressible. People who take these things literally might as well thing that when Christ told us to be like doves, we were to lay eggs.

Chapter 11 focuses on the theological virtue of faith. Faith can be used in two senses. The first sense just meaning belief. Accepting the doctrines of Christianity.

Lewis discusses faith vs. reason, imagination vs emotion. Which part of why we come to believe, should be that when we reasoned it out faith and Christianity makes the most sense. But, we battle between faith and reason on one side and imagination and emotion on the other.  For example, a doctor lays a patient down to do the anesthesia the patient has faith and reason that it will work properly and that they won’t start the surgery till he’s numb. But, a child like panic takes over when he’s actually laying on that bad, because his imagination and emotion has taken over what he actually believes to be true with reason.

I am not asking anyone to accept Christianity if his best reason tells him that the weight of the evidence goes against it, that is not the point at which faith comes in. But supposes that a man’s reason decides that the weight of the evidence is for faith.

So, very soon after this there will come a moment when something bad happens or friends who are unbelievers he is surrounded by or a sinful opportunity presents itself, where his emotions will blitz him with the fact that maybe this Christianity thing isn’t right. Because it would be convenient if it wasn’t.

Faith is the art of holding on to things you reason has once accepted, in spite of your changing mood. For moods will change, whatever view your reason takes. Unless you teach your moods where they get off, you can neither be a sound Christian or even a sound atheist, but just a creature dithering to and fro with his beliefs really dependent upon his weather and the state of his digestion.

We must train ourselves to have faith. The first step is recognizing that your moods change. The next is once you’ve accepted Christianity is to make sure to hold these doctrines before yourself daily. We must continually remind our selves of our beliefs and faith through prayer, Bible reading and church,

There is faith in a second, higher sense. When we try to live out the Christian virtues, it might go swimmingly for a short time. But, very quickly, we see that we’ve fallen and messed up. And may even be back further than we were before. A bad man knows very little about temptation  because he gives in. It’s good man who starts to understand temptation, because after 5 minutes when he doesn’t give in and an hour later when the temptation is stronger and stronger, he begins to understand just how powerful the temptation is. And Christ is the only one who fully understands temptation, because He is the only one faced it in full and did not give in.

The main thing we learn when we try to practice the Christian virtues is that we fail. In other words, there’s not saying that we’re going to do this, that and the other thing to keep our side of the bargain with God and then we better keep his side. That’s wiped out when we try to be the good virtuous person that we know we ought. Accepting Christianity means blowing this thought to bugs, that there is anyway we are earning or bargaining or making ourselves right with God.

Then comes another discovery. Every faculty you have: The power of thinking or of moving your lips from moment to moment is given to you by God. If you devoted every moment of your whole life exclusively to His service, you could not give Him anything, that was in a sense, His already. 

So when we talk of a man doing anything for God or giving anything to God, I will tell you what it is really like: It is like a small child going  to his father and saying, “Daddy give me six pence to buy you a birthday present.” Of course the father does and he is pleased with the child’s present. It is all very nice and thoughtful, but only an idiot would think that the father is sixpence to the good on the transaction.

When a man has made these two discoveries, God can really get to work on Him. It is after this that real life begins. The man is awake now. We can now go on to talk of faith in the second sense.

In one sense the map to God is a rode of moral effort. Of trying harder and harder and harder. But in another sense, trying is never going to bring us home. All this trying leads to the vital moment when we turn to God and say, “You must do this, I can’t.”

Do not stop and try to think, Have I come to that moment? Am I close to that moment? When did the moment happen?

That’s not the way it happens. For most people, unlike Paul, it is not a flash moment. It happens gradually, over time. There may not even be a point in time you can point to. The important thing is that the change happens and is happening.

It is a change from being confident of own efforts to the state in which we despair in doing anything in our selves and leave it to God. Leaves it to God means that he puts all his trust in Christ. Trust that He will somehow share with him the perfect human obedience, which he carried out from birth with His crucifixion, and Christ will make the man more like Himself and in a sense make good his deficiencies.

In Christian language, He will share His Sonship with us and make him like Himself, sons of God.  Christ offers something, everything, for nothing. In a sense , the whole Christian life consists of accepting that `very remarkable offer. The difficulty is recognizing that all we have done and can do is nothing. What we should’ve liked is for God to keep our good points and ignore our bad points.  `

So, to trust Him does not mean to stop trying, because to trust Him means to try do everything that Christ says. But, trying  in a new way, a less worried way. Not doing those things to be saved, but because he has begun to save you already. Not hoping to get to heaven as a reward for your actions, but wanting to act in  a certain way because that first faint gleam of heaven is often inside you.

Christians have often disputed if what leads to the Christians home is good actions or faith in Christ. It seems to me like asking which blade in a pair of scissors is most necessary. If serious moral effort is the only thing it will bring you to the point where you thrown in the towel in despair. And if faith in Christ is the only thing to save you from despair at that point, then out of this faith good actions will inevitably come.

Lewis says the Bible puts both together in one sentence. Work out your salvation with fear and trembling. The second half says, for it is God who worth in You. So the first half as if we have to earn it. The second half as if God does it all. So, Lewis says although it’s puzzling, it’s not surprising. Because what we’re trying to do is separate in Christianity exactly what God does and exactly what m

My way of summing it up is that Works can not save us, but we cannot be saved without works!

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 5

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 5

(Book 3 : Christian Behavior, Chapters 7-9)

In Chapter 7, Lewis deals with forgiveness. He states that while he had said earlier that chastity was the most unpopular of the Christian virtues, he believed forgiveness may be more unpopular. See, Christianity says love you neighbor as yourself, but in Christianity your neighbor includes your enemy. Which means we come up against the fact we must forgive our enemy.

Lewis gives the extreme example of the Gestapo and thinking of an enemy in those terms. I thought in 2017, we could probably compare it to having a member of Isis murder one of your children. Lewis says that People get mad when they are told, “Well you need to forgive these people now.” And they answer, “Well, would you forgive if your family was killed by them?” Lewis responds that he’s not here to tell you what I could do in a certain situation. He’s here to tell you what Christianity is and forgiveness of enemies is one of the things Christianity is.

The Lord’s prayer states, “Forgive us our sins as we forgive those who sin against us.” There is no suggestion that we offer forgiveness on any other terms.  It is made perfectly clear that if we do not forgive we shall not be forgiven. We sort of have to work our way to forgiving our enemies. We start out by forgiving our spouse or children. Someone close to you for something they have said or done in the last week.

We must also understand what love our neighbor as our self means. But, first me must look at what it doesn’t mean. Well, I don’t always have a fondness for myself. So, it doesn’t mean I have to be affectionate or fond toward them. Do I think myself a wonderful, nice person? Well sometimes, but not always. So, loving my neighbor does not necessarily mean thinking of them in that way.

It my  clear sighted moments, not only do I know that I’m not a very nice man, but I know that I’m quite a nasty one. I look at some of the things I’ve done before with loathing. So apparently I am allowed to loath and hate some of the things my enemies do.Remember we hate the bad action, not the person. This seemed like quite a silly thought to Lewis until he realized he had been doing this with himself for years. There are plenty of things that he has done that he wishes he wouldn’t have done and hates. But he still loves himself. The very reason why I hated these things is because I love myself. Because I love myself I was very sorry I did these things.

We aught to hate evil and the terrible things these people do. However we ought to hate it in the same way we hate those things in ourselves. Hoping that someway this person can be cured and made human again if that is possible.

Loving your enemy does not mean not punishing them. Lewis does not believe (like in war or when a judge sentences someone for a crime) that loving your enemy does not mean not killing the enemy soldier or sentencing the prisoner to death. It’s an interesting distinction that when Jesus quotes the command, “thou shall not murder,” there’s the distinction in Greek between kill and murder. And all three times not to murder. As opposed to not to kill.John the Baptist never suggested that the soldiers coming to be baptized should leave the army neither did Christ to the centurion who came.

We Christians think that man lives forever. Therefore what really matters is those little knots or twists in the central inside part of the soul  that will turn us in the long run to a heavenly or hellish creature. We may kill if necessary, but must not hate and enjoy hating. We may punish if necessary, but must not enjoy it. In other words, something inside us, the feeling of resentment, the feeling that want’s to get one’s own revenge must be killed. (my analogy) Not that this magically happens, but like the little Whack-a-mole things that pop up at the arcade, every time one pops up you have to bang it with a hammer. With this feeling of revenge or hate, every time it pops up we have to bang it with a hammer (namely prayer).

In our heart we must wish that our enemy were not bad. Wish that he were cured. Wish good for him. Remember God just loves us just because we’re human. Not because there is anything good inside of us. We love our self just because we’re our self, not because of good inside of us. We must then apply this rule to all others and we will be forgiving and loving our enemies.

Chapter 8 is entitled “Great Sin.” There is no sin that is seen in more men, except they don’t know they have it, however no sin that men find more deplorable in others, and that is pride or self conceit. The virtue opposite of it in Christian morals is called humility. This is where the center of Christian morals lies. The utmost evil is pride above all others.

Pride leads to every other vice. It is an anti-God state of mind. Pride is competitive and therefore the more fault you find with others pride, probably the more prideful you are, because you’re upset they’re getting the attention you wanted. Pride gets no pleasure out of having something, only out of having more of it than the next man. It’s the comparison that makes you proud. The pleasure of being above the rest. The pleasure of being richer, better looking, cleverer than the next man.

Let’s look at an example of this competitiveness with money. What people call greed is often pride. Certainly a person cane be greedy and want a bigger house, more vacations….but what makes somebody who makes $10 million dollars a year want to make $20 million dollars a year? At the point of $10 million dollars a year, they can already do whatever they want. Well, it’s pride. It’s to be richer and have more than the next guy. 

Still, more the wish for power. Because power is really what pride is. Nothing makes a man feel so superior to others as being able to move them about like toy soldiers. Pride always means enmity because  as long as there is one person richer, better looking, etc than you, then you always have that enemy you are trying to outdo.

As long as you are proud, you can never really know God. Because you only really know God when you realize He is everything and you are nothing at all. How can people full of pride say that they are worshipping God? Well, they are really worshipping a phantom God because what they do all the time, while saying they are nothing and humble, is thinking the whole time that God approves of them for how great they are. Which of course, the God that approves of them is their make believe God. They pay a penny’s worth of humility to this imaginary God and get a dollar’s worth of pride toward their fellow man.

Lewis says he believes it’s these people that Christ is talking of when he said they would preach in His names and cast out demons and yet at the end of the world he did not know them.

Anytime you are thinking that you are better than someone else, remember it is not God making you act that way, but the devil. Remember, being around God will make you feel one of two ways. You will completely forget about self and focus on Him and others. Or you will see yourself as the dirty, sinful person that you are. The devil is perfectly happy to see people becoming brave and chaste and self controlled, as long as the whole time he is setting up in you to be proud of all these virtues and be prideful. Because, this then overrides all the good things that are happening. It’s like seeing your cold cured, while finding out your diagnosed with cancer.

There are some common misconceptions about pride. Pleasure in being praised is not pride. For the pleasure here does not lie in who you are, but that you have pleased someone you wanted and rightly wanted to please. The trouble is when the thinking passes from I have pleased him and that’s great to what a fine person I must have been to have done so. The more you delight in yourself and the less you delight the praise, the worse you are becoming.

While being vain and wanting is not good, it is almost a child like problem. It shows that you still don’t think so highly of yourself, because you want others to affirm you. However, the real black, dark diabolical pride comes when you down on other so much, you do not care what they think about you. This does not mean that when we have it right that we care so much about what God things, that we do not care what others think about us. This is when you think so highly of yourself that why would you even care whether or not people praise you because you already know you got it.

Is it bad when you’re proud of your son or your school or your father? Is pride in this sense a sin? Well, what do we mean by proud of? In often cases we just mean we have a warm hearted admiration for and this is of course not a sin. But, it would be sinful if you take so much pride in your father or child or college you attended that you have an arrogance about it. However, even this is not as bad as having pride in just our self, because at least it is having pride in someone or something else. Of course, the problem still being that our pride should only come from God.

God does not tell you not to be prideful because he needs you to humble yourself and be proud of Him, but God wants you to be in relationship with Him and when you truly are you’re so humbled in a good way that you get rid of all the nonsense and things you hold on to be right with him. This humility makes that relationship, where we are truly free, possible.

What you think of a humble person is probably not accurate. Someone walking around, “woe is me, I’m so humble.” A truly humble person would probably be a cheerful person, intelligent chap who took a fine interest in what you had to say and if you felt any contentment toward them it would only be because they seemed to enjoy life so much. The reason he would enjoy life so much is because he would not be thinking about humility because he would not be thinking about himself at all.

The first step if you want humility is admitting and realizing you are proud, because if you think you are not conceited you are quite conceited indeed.

In chapter 9, Lewis focuses on charity. Charity is one of the three theological virtues. In the modern sense, charity means giving to the poor. But, in the Christian sense, charity means love. Remember love in the Christian sense does not mean an emotion, it means a state of the will. Christian love or charity for our neighbors is quite a different thing  then liking or affection. Natural liking or fondness of someone is not a sin nor a virtue. Though, natural liking should typically be encouraged, it would be quite wrong to think that the way to begin to show charitable love would be to begin to manufacture unnatural likings to all. Don’t waste your time figuring out whether or not you love your neighbor, act as if you did. And you’ll learn a great secret. When you behave as if you love someone, you will really come to love them. If you injure someone you dislike, you will find yourself disliking them even more. If you do him a good turn, you will find yourself disliking him less.

The difference between a Christian and a worldly man is not that the worldly man has only affections and likings and that the Christian has only charity, but that the worldly man treats certain people kindly because he likes them and the Christian trying to treat everyone kindly finds himself liking more and more people as he goes on. Including people he could not even have imagined himself liking to begin with.

This same spiritual law works terribly in the opposite direction. The Germans perhaps at first ill-treated the Jews because they hatted them.  Afterwards they hated them much more because they had ill-treated them. The more cruel you are, the more you will hate and the more cruelly you will treat that person.

In other words, the goodness snowballs and so does the evil; the smallest good deed could snowball into something you never could have imagined being able to do, while the smallest evil doing the same.

We should have charity and love toward God. If we’re not feeling it, the same thing as with people, what would I do if I truly loved God? Think about it, go do it and you might find that you start truly loving God.

Remember Christian love is of the will. God is not judging us on feeling. We cannot create that. But, if we try to follow the commandment love God and love thy neighbor through acts of the will, that’s what God is looking for and he may or may not manufacture the love feeling for us. We can not control that.

The great thing to remember is that our feelings come and go, His love for us does not. It is not wearied by our sins or our indifference. And therefore it is quite relentless in its determination that we shall be cured of those sins, at whatever cost to us, at whatever cost to Him.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 4

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 4

(Book 3: Christian Behavior, Chapters 4-6)

Lewis entitles chapter four of Book 3 Morality and Psychoanalysis. Lewis begins by stating that we must do two things at once. Apply, “do as you would want done to you” into all aspects of our society AND try to become the people who would apply it on the inside if we knew how.

Lewis goes on to explain that when a man makes a choice there are two things involved. One is the act of choosing. The second is the psychoanalysis process and the felling and impulses that come to him, which are the raw material of his choice.

In this process, there can be normal feelings or unnatural feelings. It may be normal and consist of the feelings that are common to all man or it might consist of quite unnatural feelings through the things that have gone wrong in his subconscious.

The first would be a fear of something dangerous that keeps you safe.The second would be a fear of cats or spiders.Psychoanalysis seeks to remove those subconscious things that have brought you to those unnatural fears and feelings.

Rarely does it start with that acts and choices itself, the psychoanalytical problem has to be cured, before the moral problem can begin. Because now that someone is cured, they have the choice to make the right moral decisions. Once the raw material is improved the man has the free choice to but himself first or to put others first. And that free choice is the only thing morality is really concerned with. 

Bad psychological material is not a sin, but a disease. It doesn’t need to be repented of, but cured.This is important, because as humans we judge one another by their external appearances, but God judges people by their moral choices.

Take the person who has an unnatural fear of cats and yet sees a cat in distress and helps it down. He may have done more than a typical person with a typical neurological makeup who showed bravery in war.

Flip this around, those of us with a normal heredity and makeup, seem outwardly like pretty nice people, may have used their typical makeup and good upbringing in such a small way, that God would view us in a worse light than those that we consider to be fiends.

Can we have be sure how we would have behaved had we been saddled with the bad psychological outfit and bad upbringing and with the power, say of Himmler?

That is why Christians are told not to judge. We see only the results of man’s choices. But, God does not judge them on the raw material, but what he has done with it.

Most of the man’s psychological make up is due to his body. When he dies, all of that will fall off. And the real central man, the thing that chose, the thing that made the best or worst out of this material will stand naked. All of the good things that we thought we did that were just because of a good upbringing will fall off of us. All of the bad things that someone did that were really just due to a psychological disorder will fall of them. And then we really see for the first time people as they really are.

People often think that God is making a deal. If you keep rules, I will reward you. If you don’t I will give you the other thing. But, think of it more as a central part of you, every time you make a choice, your turning the central part of you, the part of you that chooses, into something a little different than it was before.  And taking your life as a whole, with all of your innumerable choices, you are slowing turning this thing into a heavenly creature or a hellish creature. Either into a creature that is harmony with God and other creatures and yourself. Or into one that is in a state of war and hatred with God, its fellow creatures and itself.

To be first kind of creature is heaven, joy, peace, knowledge, and power. To be the other is madness, horror, hideous, rage, impotence, and eternal loneliness. 

Each of is progressing to one state or the other.

Think of someone who murders and then think of someone who yells and spouts off mean words. You would think of course the murderer is worse. Except for, in his case that central part of the man, each time the murder murders and each time the second man rages, it distorts and twists the central part of their beings a little further, So, that each man, in this way is equal and the only thing that can straighten them out is for God to put them right. Each man moves equally far away from God with their rage, even though the outward looks very different.

One last point, the right direction leads not only to peace, but to knowledge. When the man is getting better, he understands more and more clearly the evil that is still left within him. As a man is getting worse, he understands his own badness less and less. Think of this, you understand the nature of drunkenness when you are sober, not when you are drunk. Good people know the nature of good and evil. Bad people know neither.

In Chapter 5, Lewis goes on to talk about sexuality morality and the Christian rule of chastity.

Chastity is not modesty, which is the amount of coverage a woman has in a particular society or a particular time, which can change. Chastity does not change.  An extreme modesty is not necessarily a sign of chastity.

Since this isn’t a firm standard, the elderly should not be so quick to judge the young for their new fashions, etc and the young should not be so quick to call their elders prudes and out of touch.

Chastity is the most unpopular of all of the Christian virtues. There is not getting around it. It’s sex within the confines of marriage and complete fidelity to your partner or complete abstinence.

Lewis asks the question of what has caused the overwhelming lack of respect for sex.Either Christianity has gone wrong or biological sexual desires have gone wrong.

The biological need for food is to give energy. The biological need for sex is to bare children. If we were all to just eat whatever we want, whenever we want, we would all eat too much. But, only to a certain extent, we might eat enough for 2 people, not for 10.

But if a healthy young man indulged his sexual appetite whenever he felt inclined and each escapade produced a baby, in 10 years he might easily populate a small village. This appetite is in ludicrous and preposterous excess of its function.

Think of this, there are large audiences at strip clubs all the time to watch women undress, but imagine if there was a society where you could get a large audience together to put a covered plate on stage and then to uncover it just to see what food was underneath. Wouldn’t you think in that country something had gone wrong in regards to their appetite for food?

Someone visiting us from another planet would probably think there was something equally odd with the sex instinct within our society. Sexually appetite, like our other appetites, grows by indulgence. You find very few people who use food for other things than to eat. Food perversion is rare. The perversion of sex is ramped.

Christianity never said sex in itself is bad. Christianity actually glorifies marriage, lifts up the body  – – Christ came down in a human body; we will have a new body in heaven – – Sex for reproduction and as a form of pleasure is true and Christianity uplifts this.

People say that sex is an instinct just like any other natural instinct like hunger or pain, but that is not true.When people say sex is not to be ashamed of, in the Christian sense of reproduction and pleasure that is true. In the sense of just being a natural instinct to do whatever you want, it is shameful. If people made food take up half of their life, just talking about it all day and looking at pictures of it, that would be quite odd.

Our society has put out the propaganda that sexual unchastity is the norm.There are people who want to keep our sex instincts inflamed in order to make money off of us.

Lewis says (regarding sexual temptation/sin) that God knows our situation and He will not judge us as if we had no difficulties to overcome. What matters is the sincerity and perseverance of our will to overcome them.

Chastity is very difficult to achieve and even to desire. Before we can be cured, we must want to be cured. Those who really wish for help will get it; but for many modern people even this wish is difficult. We can say with our lips, “Our Lord make me chaste,” but our hearts say, “but not yet.” (St. Augustine)

Three reasons why it is hard to desire, let alone achieve complete chastity.1 – Our warped nature. All of the temptation  and the contemporary propaganda for lust. It can make you feel that the desires you are trying to resists are natural, so why try to resist them?It has been propaganda that has told us every sexual desire at any time is healthy and natural and normal. But, take heart. There are many things including sexual restraint where we must restrain in order to have a happy, healthy and successful life.

2 – People often think that Christian chastity is impossibleBut that doesn’t mean you shouldn’t try. Just like  a very, very hard question on a test. You don’t leave it blank. You try it and you do your best. Just as you may get some credit for getting certain parts right and certain parts wrong. You will get no credit for not trying at all.   We must ask for God’s help. But after each failure, ask for forgiveness, pick yourself up and try again. Very often what God helps us to first is not the virtue itself, but to always try again. The only failure is to be content with anything less than perfection.

3 – People often misunderstand what psychologists teach about repression. It teaches us that repressed sex is dangerous, but that’s misusing the term suppression for repression. Your suppressing your desire and you are very conscience of your choice. Where, repression is something blocked because it has been so awful (since childhood or something).

While there was a lot to say about sex and Christian morality, it is not the center of Christian morality. The sins of flesh are bad, but they are the least bad of all the sins. All worst sins are purely spiritual: the pleasure of putting other people in the wrong, of bossing and patronizing and spoiling sport, and backbiting, the pleasure of power, of hatred. 

For there are two things inside me, competing with the human self which I must try to become. They are the Animal self, and the Diabolical self. That is why a cold. Self-righteous prig who goes regularly to church may be far nearer to hell than a prostitute. But, of course it s better to be neither.

Lewis follows up his chapter on sexual morality with Christian marriage.

Christina doctrine on marriage is based on Christ’s words that a man and a wife are to be regarded as a single organism. That is what the word “one flesh” would be in modern English. He was not given a sentiment, but a fact; just as a lock and a key are one mechanism. And a violin and a bow one instrument.

So, the Christian view is that the pleasure must be coupled within marriage. Just as with food you shouldn’t try to get the taste without digesting it. You don’t chew up your food and spit it out just for the taste.

Some churches won’t allow divorce under any circumstances. Some do very reluctantly under extreme circumstances. What churches agree on and are much  more in agreement with each other than with the outside world is that divorce is not a good thing and that it is more like cutting off a leg than just separating so easily as the world does when any little thing doesn’t go right.

Anyone who is married in a church makes the promise till death do you part, however this is often see as just a mere formality. But, why make the promise then? Who are they trying to trick? Often, it’s the public. They want the formality of a respectable wedding, without intending to pay the price of actually meaning what their marriage vows say. If people do not believe in the permanency of marriage, it would be better for them to live together unmarried, then to become married and make vows they do not intend to keep.

The idea that being in love is the only reason to remain married really leaves no room for marriage as a promise at all. If love the love is the whole thing, than the promise could add nothing. And if it adds nothing, then it should not be made.The promise is not to remain in love. You can’t promise to continue to feel a certain way. The promise is about what you can control, the actions, what you do, regardless of the feeling.

What’s the use of keeping two people together if they are no longer in love? There are several sound social reasons.First, to provide a home for their children.Second, to protect a woman, who has probably sacrificed her own career to get married, from being dropped whenever the man is tired of her.

Being in love is great in one way, no one would deny it is better than common sensuality or complete selfishness.  But the most dangerous thing you can do is take any one impulse of our nature and set it up as the thing you ought to follow at all costs.

Too often we want to say that something is just good or bad. But, there’s good, better, best. There’s bad, worse, worst. And being in love is a good thing, but it’s not the best thing. There are many things below it, but also many above it. It’s noble feeling, but just a feeling. No feeling can last in it’s full intensity or can even be relied on to last at all. Knowledge, principles and habits can last, but feelings come and go.

Ceasing to be in love, does not mean ceasing to love.  IN this sense, love is not merely a feeling, it is a deep unity maintained by the will and deliberately strengthened by habit; reinforced by the grace with which both parents ask for and receive from God. 

They can have this love for each other even in moments when they do not like each other. They can maintain this love, even when if each allowed themselves, they could easily be “in love” with someone else. Being in love first moved them to promise fidelity , this second quieter promise allows them to keep this fidelity . It is on this love that the engine of marriage runs. Being in love was the explosion which started it.

We must learn from our own marriage and those around us what is really true and not from movies and books. We must disentangle this and see what is reality and what is fantasies that have permeated through our brain through fiction.

Think of anything, anything that the first experience or thinking about it is so exciting, but the reality of it does not stay at that peak , but something lasting comes instead.  (this may apply to my teaching).

Often when we settle down and continue in that interest even after the initial excitement is over, we find a thrill in something new, For example, the one who goes off to live in “the perfect place,” the excitement died down, but then found a new thrill in gardening.

Lewis believes this is one of the things Christ meant when he said a man may not truly live until he dies. If all you try to do is live all off of thrills, they would get weaker and weaker. You would end up living as a delusioned person. You must settle into a quieter peace that comes from the ongoing fulfillment and take the new thrills as they come along away.

It’s also by movies, etc that falling in love seems so irresistible that you just can’t help it , but Lewis says that yes you meet someone whose beautiful and clever and witty, And in a certain sense we should love these qualities. But, don’t we have much more choice than we tend to say or believe in whether or not we fall in love with them?

A Christian doctrine on marriage even more unpopular than the permanence is that Christian wives promise to obey their husbands. The man is said to be the head.

The need for some head follows the thought that the marriage is permanent. Typically, the couple should agree, but when there is a real disagreement, what is to happen?Either they must separate and go their own ways or one must have the final decision.

Why should the head be the man?Does the woman really want to be the head of the house? Even a woman who says she wants to be the head of the house, does not see it the same when it’s her neighbor. “Poor Mr. Smith. Why does his wife boss him round like that? That’s just not right.” There must be something unnatural of the rule of wives over husbands because wives themselves are half ashamed of it and despise the husbands whom they rule.

Also, a woman is so focused on her family and fighting for their needs, she finds it hard to be just to those in the outside world when it comes to issues dealing with her family. Where a man tends to be more just to all involved.If your child had hit another child, who would you rather talk to about it? The dad or the mom next door?

Also, wives think of this. Don’t you think one of the failings of your husband is he seems to see the other person’s point of view too much. Is a bit of an appeaser. Doesn’t go all out to defend you and the kids.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 3

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 3 (Book 3 : Christian Behavior, Chapters 1-3)

In chapter 1 of the third book, Lewis begins the by stating that moral rules are directions for running the human machine. Every rule is there to prevent a breakdown or a strain or a friction in the running of that machine. He points out that while perfect behavior is unobtainable, it is a necessary ideal for all men to have when talking about the human machine.

It’s nothing to brag about to say you have high ideals or high morals. It would be the same to say that when you are doing a math problem you are trying to get it right. It would be ridiculous to not try because every mistake you make will cause more troubles later. It’s the same with every moral rule you break. It causes troubles for yourself (and most likely others) along the way.

Lewis observes that morality seems to be concerned with three things. The first is the fair play and harmony between individuals. Secondly, with harmonizing things inside each individual. And thirdly, with a general purpose of a human life as a whole; what man was made for, what cost the whole fleet, and what the the conductor of the band wants to play.

Often people don’t think of morality beyond the first one. To be kind and good toward others. To make sure the things you do don’t harm others. Often it stops with just this first one. However, we have to make sure what’s inside of us is right. Nothing but the courage and selflessness of individuals is ever going to make the way that people interact and society better. People have to be right inside before those social interactions will really be right anyways.

Then, there is the third concern of morality. In which different beliefs about the universe lead to different behaviors. Use a fleet of ships as an example. If someone thinks that honestly all that matters is they don’t harm the other ships, but they can do whatever they want to their own ship. But doesn’t it matter if they believe they own their own ship or if it is owned by the fleet?

Think of yourself. If all your worried about is how you treat others and you are not worried about what you are like on the inside that would greatly depend on whether you own yourself, so to speak. Our bodies are only a tenant, responsible to the real landlord. If someone made me for his own purposes, I would have a lot of duties I would not have if I only belonged to myself.

It is the same thing with our view of eternity; there are lots of things that would not matter if  I was only going to live roughly 70 years. I would not bother about many things, but if I am going to live forever, there are things that become very important that I better take care of.

In the second chapter, Lewis goes on to talk about the Cardinal Virtues. He states that there are seven virtues and four of them are cardinal. The other three are theological. The Cardinal Virtues are recognized by all civilized people, while the theological ones are, as a rule, only recognized by Christians.

Cardinal means the hinge of a door, they are pivotal. They are prudence, temperance, justice and fortitude. Prudence means practical common sense. Taking the trouble to think out what you are doing and what will most likely come of it. This virtue is important to Christians because Jesus wants a child’s heart, but a grown ups head. Being a Christian is going to take the whole of you, brains and all.

Temperance means going the right length and no further when it comes to pleasures. Temperance is different than abstinence. There may be times when a Christi an completely obtains from something, because it is something they struggle to not go overboard with or to keep their witness or because they are going to use the money they would have spent on it for the poor, but the mark of a bad man is that he cannot give up a thing himself without wanting everyone else to give it up. That is not the Christian way.

Temperance is a very difficult virtue and it applies to much more than just alcohol. Someone who devotes all of their time to golf or to their job or to overspending and shopping. Those aren’t as easily seen on the outside as a drunk who falls down in the middle of the road. But, remember God is not easily tricked by outside appearance.

Justice is everything we should call fairness: honesty, give and take, truthfulness, keeping promises and all that side of life.

Fortitude includes both kinds of of courage. The kind that faces danger as well as the kind that sticks with it under pain. Guts is perhaps the nearest modern English.

There is a difference between just occasionally doing cardinal actions and actually having cardinal virtues. It is good to point out doing one, or some sort of just or temperate action and actually being a just or temperate person.

If you think about a tennis player, every now and again, anyone could hit a good shot right down the line. But, a good player is counted on to hit that good shot because they have done it time after time after time and been trained.

A person who becomes just not only does just actions, but they have a certain character about them that makes them a just person that goes beyond just the act now and again. This distinction is important because if it only mattered doing the action we would have some contradictions. 

One, it doesn’t matter why you do it. But, indeed it does. Right actions done for the wrong reason do not help to build the internal quality called virtue. Two, we might think that God simply wanted obedience to a set of rules. Where as he really wants people of a certain sort. Three, we might think that virtues were necessary only for this present life. That in the other world we could stop being just because there is nothing to quarrel about…etc. Without these types of internal qualities (not that you will need to be just or brave in heaven) that person would not be able to have the type of happiness that heaven is meant to bring because they won’t have the quality inside of them to accept it.

In the third chapter, Lewis focuses on Social Morality.  Something to understand about Christian morality, when it comes to man interacting with man, Is that Christ did not come to preach a new morality. He came with the golden rule, “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” This is something that deep down everyone has known all along.

Really, great moral teachers never do introduce new morality. People new to be reminded more often than they need to be instructed. The real job of a moral teacher is to keep on bringing us back time after time to the old simple principals which we are all so anxious not to see.

Christianity has not and does not profess to have a political system to apply to a particular society in a particular moment with the “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.” It is meant for all men at all moments.

Lewis says that in order for Christianity to make its biggest impact on society it is not tot take over one particular aspect of society, it is rather a director, which will set them all to the right job and a source of an energy that will give them all new life. For example, the human arts and science.

People often ask for a lead from the church. But they mean that they want the clergy to put out a particular political program, which is not what Christianity is. Now, if they mean to lead with the people God gifted in the right way and with the right talents to take on positions within politics and business and then to live out “do unto others as you would have them do unto you,” you would quickly have a society changed by Christians.

The New Testament gives us an idea of what the Christian society should look like. Every man should work or they will not eat. Every man should work to produce something good. There should be no showing off or bragging, but everyman doing his best at what he was meant to do. The society would also have obedience and respect to authority, leaders, officials, parents and from wives to husbands. It should also be a cheerful society with joy and signing; regarding anxiety as wrong.

The economic life would seem socialistic and in that way advanced. The family life would seem very old fashioned. Even, somewhat ritualistic. We probably wouldn’t even like all of the parts of it, because we have made our own plan that we say is the way the Christian plan is supposed to be. But, that’s because we have all departed from the Christian machine as it was meant to run. 

In Christianity, everyone is attracted to bits of it and want to leave out the rest.  Borrowing with interest is something the Christians, Jews and ancient Greeks have all spoken out against. Also, the passage that says that everyone must work, is in order that they may give to those in need. Charity is an essential part of the Christian Society. Think of the parable of the sheep and  the goat. I do not think we can settle how much one should give. I think the only safe rule is to give more than one can spare. There ought to be things we would like to do and cannot do because of our charitable giving. We must be careful we don’t try to make Christianity support the belief we already hold or political system we already support, but we must let Christianity speak for itself.

A Christian society is not going to arrive until most of us really want it. And we are not going to want it until we become fully Christian. I may repeat, “do as you would be done by” until I am blue in the face,  but I can not really carry it out until I learn to love my neighbor as myself and can not really love my neighbor as myself unit I learn to God and I cannot really love God except  by learning to obey Him.

So we are driven on to inward matters.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 2 (Book 2: What Christians Believe)

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 2  

(Book 2 : What Christians Believe)

Christians believe God created the universe, like a man painting a picture. God made the world, but a great many things have gone wrong in the world. And that God insists quite loudly on our trying to put them right again

There is often the argument (as was Lewis’ when he was an atheist) that the world is just so cruel and unjust, how can there be a good God out there? This question took Lewis back to the thought of moral law. How did he even have the idea of just and unjust? Cruelty and kindness? If it weren’t for God placing that inside of him?

Lewis contends that atheism turns out to be too simple. If the whole universe had no meaning, we should have never found out it has no meaning. Just as if there was no light in the universe and creatures were without eyes, we would never know that there was dark. Dark would be without meaning

Then there is another view that is too simple along with Atheism. That there is a good God in heaven and everything is just all right. In other words, these people make Christianity and religion too simple. They don’t deal with any of the facts of all the wrong in the world and the need for justice and redemption and sin and salvation. They just think that there is a good God in heaven who made the universe. Period.

Not only is reality not simple, it is often quite strange. You would have to be purposefully oblivious to the reality of our world to look around and believe that everything is all right! Human beings walking around the planet understand that there are things that are bad and meaningless.

Christianity explains there was a good world created that has gone terribly wrong. But, there is still a thought and remembrance of how it should be. And we can actually look at the fact that bad things help prove the existence of good. And not only the existence of good, but that good is on a higher level than the bad. Because in order for it to be bad, there must be something good for it to have gone off against.

There is no badness just for the sake of badness. Even the most evil thing is some sort of good perverted.  For example, even people who seem to do cruel things just for the sake of being cruel (sadists), do so because in some way there is a sexual perversion. They get aroused in the cruelty they commit. Which means there had to be a normal sexual standard, which is good, to be perverted, in order for them to have this arousal.

Even someone who seems to be happy when they do bad things…they get pleasure out of the bad things. The pleasure is the goodness and they’ve perverted the way in which they get that pleasure. There is no evil without good. All bad is, is a perversion of something good.

Christianity believes that it’s a civil war. That the evil was created by the good. And that there is now a Civil War going on and we, people, are in the territory occupied by the rebel. We are in enemy occupied territory and the rightful king has landed. And is calling us all on a great campaign of sabotage!

Christianity says that the prince of evil is the one reigning this world for this time. This raises a couple of questions. This would be odd that this would be within the will of a good God. On the other hand, if it’s not within His will, it raises the question, how can something happen outside of a God’s will who has absolute power?

However, anyone who has been in a position of authority can see how something can be BOTH in and out of your will. For example, a mother tells her children I’m not going to be coming up here and making you tidy up the playroom every single night. You must learn to have the responsibility to do that on your own…So, the mother comes up one night and there are toys all over. It was not her will that the room be a mess, however it was in her will that the children have the responsibility to keep the play room clean on her own.

This is what God did when He created humans to have free will. You may ask, why would he go and do such a crazy thing like that? Give free will to a race of people who will use this will to do many terrible and evil things. But, you must thing of the other side of this coin as well. The only true joy and happiness comes is through free will. The love and happiness and joy that God wants for everyone through being united with him is by choosing to be united with Him and to one another.

Of course God knew what would happen if people choose to use their free will the wrong way, but apparently He thought it was worth the risk. Now, you might disagree with God for giving free will. However, the only reason you can disagree with God is because He gave you the reasoning power to disagree with Him. So, it becomes somewhat absurd to disagree with the one who gave you the power to disagree with Him.

Now, the more powerful a creature, the more wonderful it can be when it uses its free will for good and the more terrible it can be when it uses its free will for evil. Which is how we get to Satan.

How did Satan go wrong? We can speculate it was his desire to be God. To put himself at the center and first. This was his sin and this was the sin that he passed onto the human race. Out of this thought that we can be happy apart from our maker. That we can make something of life without God, is where all the tragedy of history has come from: war, poverty, slavery, prostitution. These are all in an attempt to do things outside of the way the maker intended.

You may wonder, “Why can we not have happiness apart from God?” Think of a car. A car is designed to run on gasoline. You can’t put anything else in it to make it run. Well, God designed humans to run on Himself. He is the fuel that we burn. He is what is supposed to fuel our spirits and our souls and without him we don’t run….at least not properly.

God left us conscience, though. The sense of right and wrong. And all through history there have been people, some trying very hard, although not completely succeeding, to obey it.

God has also given, what Lewis calls, “queer dreams.” The stories scattered all throughout heathen religions of a god who dies and comes to life again. And somehow in that is redemption and new life is given to men.

Also, God picked one particular people, the Jewish people, and spent several centuries hammering into their heads what kind of God he was. That there was only One of Him and that he cared about right conduct. This is the Old Testament. It gives an account of the hammering process.

Then, the most shocking of all…Jesus comes, claiming to BE God and to give life. Claiming to be the one who will come back to judge at the end of time. And a claim that we often overlook, to forgive sins. Think about this, we can forgive someone for something they do against us, but we can’t forgive someone for something they have done to someone else; i.e. “I forgive you that you hit your sister.”

But, that’s just what Jesus did! Which of course would only make sense if He was indeed God and he was forgiving the sins of the laws that were created by Him. The moral laws of the universe…because He was indeed God!

Christ says He is humble and meek and we believe Him. As do most non-Christians. They don’t argue these claims. Yet, if Christ was not God, humbleness and meekness would be the last characteristics’ we would assign Him….as He goes around forgiving other people’s sins and claiming to be the living God….therefore he is only humble and meek if He is indeed God….

Lewis is arguing against is anyone who says, “I accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but not as God.” If Jesus is not God, he is not a great moral teacher; maybe he tells some good stories, but not a great moral teacher. In fact if Jesus is not God, he is pompous and arrogant and saying things that are absurd for any man to say. (As Lewis so delicately puts it, he would be insane up there on the level with a man who believes himself to be a poached egg).

Jesus is indeed God or He is a lunatic beyond all lunatics or He is the devil of hell. Lewis says, “Either this man was and is the son of God or a mad man or someone worse….You can shut him up for a fool. You can spit at him and kill him as a demon. Or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But, let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about Him being a great human teacher. He has not left that door open to us. He did not intend to.”

The Christian belief is that Jesus is God landing in this enemy occupied territory in human form. And that as important and profound as His teachings are, the most important part of the whole story is Christ’s death and resurrection. Which brings us to the question, “How does Christ’s death on the cross put us right with God?”

Lewis says that before becoming a Christian, he thought you had to believe only one theory of why Jesus died on the cross. That God wanted to punish man for joining with the great rebel and therefore Christ came to take our place, so that God would let us off.

But he goes on to say, “What I’ve come to see is that neither this theory nor any other is the central belief of Christianity. The central belief of Christianity is that Christ’s death somehow put us right with God. It has given us a fresh start. Theories as to how it did this is another matter. There are many different theories as to how this works. What all Christians agree upon is that it does work.”

We believe that the death of Christ is just that point in history where something absolutely unimaginable from the outside shows through into our own world. And since this is beyond our comprehension, the biblical writers have created different pictures to help us represent and understand what it is like, what Jesus did. But these pictures do not take the place of the actual even that occurred. Just like pictures in math help us to understand a certain formula, but the mathematical formula is in and of itself true, while the pictures merely represent it.

Christ was killed for us. His death has washed out our sins. And by dying he disabled death itself. That is the formula. That is Christianity. That is what has to be believed. Any theories we build up, as to how Christ’s death did all this are quite secondary.

However, there are different theories worth looking at. One is that we are being let off, because Christ bared our punishment for us. On the surface you say, “Well, why did he do that? If God was going to let us off, why punish an innocent person for us, instead of just letting us off?” And this would seem quite absurd if you think of it is another man standing before a judge for you.

However, think of it a little differently. Think of it as a debt. And the person who has the assets to pay for it, paying for it in the place of the person who has no assets.  So exactly what hole had man got himself into to owe this great debt?

He had tried to set up on his own, to behave as if it belonged to himself. In other words, fallen man is not simply an imperfect creature who needs improvement, he is a rebel who must lay down his arms. Laying down your arms, surrendering, realizing you have been on the wrong track and get ready to start life over from the ground floor.

This is what Christians call repentance. To repent is more than just saying you’re sorry, it’s changing who you’ve been this whole time, a selfish person. It means killing part of yourself.

Here’s the problem: Only a bad person needs to repent, but only a good person can truly repent. The only person who could do it perfectly would be a perfect person and he would not need it. You cannot go back to God without this repentance, because without repentance you’re asking God to go back, without really going back. The very need for repentance makes us unable to do that repentance.

So, the only way we can do truly repent is if God helps us? But what do we meant that God will help us? It means that God puts a little of Himself into us. We can love and we can reason because God loves and reasons.

But, then there is the problem of the fall. Without the fall, it would be all smooth sailing. But because of the fall, we now needs God’s help to do something, that within His own nature, God never does. To surrender, to suffer, to submit, to die. So, the place that we need God’s help the most, God cannot help us because it’s not in his nature.

But suppose, God became man. And this man that now had human nature would be able to help us.  He could surrender His will and then suffer and die because he is man, and he could do so perfectly because He is God.

The only way we can successfully repent is by sharing God’s dying. And the only way God can die is if He becomes a man. That is the sense in which he pays our debt and suffers for us what He needs not suffer at all.

So, one picture of what Jesus did is the atonement. But remember, it is only one more picture, do not mistake it for the actual event, for the thing itself.

The perfect surrender and humiliation were gone through by Christ. Perfect because He was God. Surrender and humiliation because He was man. Christians believe if we somehow share the humiliation and suffering of Christ, we also somehow share the conquest of death and find new life after we die. And in it become perfect and perfectly happy creatures.

There are three things that spread the Christ life to us: baptism, belief and communion. (At least that’s the ordinary methods. Lewis says he is not trying to say there aren’t special cases where it is spread by different methods, but these are the three typical ways). – – Lewis says while this seem quite odd and he doesn’t understand why these three things are a part of new life, if he didn’t know it was true, he would also find it quite odd about the way (our natural) life is brought about in the first place!

Lewis says the reason he believes these three things are true is because Jesus taught them. However, these three things do not take the place of trying to copy Christ in our lives; which must be the main goal of any Christian. And in this way Christianity is different from all other religion. For you are not making it, you are not being good or kind or loving or become a better person on your own; you are only keeping up a life you got from someone else.

In the same way a Christian can lose the Christ life that was put in him. He has to make efforts to keep it. Even the best and most dedicated Christian is not acting on his own steam. He is only keeping up and nourishing a life that he could have never acquired on his own.

This does not mean a Christian is man who never go wrong. But, he is a man who is able to repent, to pick himself up and begin over again.

A Christian does not believe that his good deeds come from himself. “A Christian thinks any good he does comes from the Christ life inside him. He does not think God will love us because we are good, but God will make us good because he loves us.”

Christians believe quite literally that Christ is operating through them. That the whole mass of Christians are the physical organism through which Christ acts. We are his fingers and muscles, the cells of his body. We are the body of Christ.

Some might wonder why Christ came in the way he did. Why is Christ not landing in force? Why is God not just taking over? Is He not strong enough to take out the enemy?

Well, Christians believe that He will land in force. We just don’t know when. In the meantime, He is giving us the chance to join his side freely.

People who ask God to invade and take over now, don’t necessarily realize what they’re asking. “When the writer walks on to the stage, the play is over…When God comes back, the world is over…God is going to invade alright, but what is the use in saying you are on his side then, when the whole natural universe is melting away?” Think of it this way. Imagine a soldier has been fighting for one side of the war the whole time, but when he realizes the other side is winning, so he tries to go to change ranks. It is too late then!

When God coms back, fully revealed, it will be so aweing, it will either inspire irresistible love or irresistible horror in each creature. But either way, no one anymore will deny Him. It will be too late then to choose your side. It will not be the time for choosing, it will be the time for discovering which side we have really chosen. 

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 1 (Book 1 : Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe)

So it has been a LONG time since I’ve posted. I am a teacher and summer should allow me a lot more free time, but somehow it seemed to actually get busier this summer! I taught summer school and took two courses for my license renewal. And then I always try to spend extra time with friends and family and….well, somehow summer has already come and gone. But, I am hoping with a more consistent schedule with being back to work full time and the kids back to school; I will get back to blogging a few time a month.

So, I have thought for a while that I would like to give a very clear view of my beliefs and the essentials of Christianity. But, whenever I try to do so, I feel that I am not very clear or I leave something important out. Then, I got to thinking about C.S. Lewis’ “Mere Christianity.” This book was originally a series of radio broadcasts done in the 1940’s by Lewis and then compiled into 3 separate books and finally brought together into one book known as “Mere Christianity,” divided into three sections: Book 1: Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe, Book 2: What Christians Believe, Book 3: Christian Behavior, and Book 4: Beyond Personality: Or the First Steps in Understanding the Trinity.

In this book, Lewis builds block upon block to explain good reason to believe that there is a God, then that that God is the Christian God, what exactly Christians believe and finally how Christians should strive to behave. And knowing that Lewis does a far better job of clearly laying all of this out, I have decided to use my next several blogs to summarize Mere Christianity as best I can.

While I know I am not an expert, I have compiled outline notes on the book and taught it to an adult Sunday School class over a period of almost a year. In addition, I am re-reading (or more accurately re-listening) to the book now as I complete these summaries for the blog. My hope is that these blogs might inspire some who are already Christ-followers to feel more confident in their faith as they see that there is sound reason to believe in the Christian faith and that some who have never made the decision to make Jesus their Lord and Savior would see that it is truly the most reasonable and sound decision you could make when seeking out the truth of what this life and this universe is all about.

So, without any further introduction, I will begin my summary with Book 1.

Mere Christianity Summarized, Part 1 (Book 1 : Right and Wrong as a Clue to the Meaning of the Universe)

I want to begin with one of my favorite quotes from the book. “Fallen man is not simply an imperfect creature who needs improvement: he is a rebel who must lay down his arms.”

How do we get to this place? A place where we are in an enemy camp and God is on the opposite side? And how do we change camps and become right with the Lord?

Let’s start at the beginning. Let’s start with The Law of Human nature. The law of human nature, the law of right and wrong, moral law; this law that all people seem to intrinsically have.     

While at first you may say to yourself, I’m not so sure if all people, or even if anyone, has this law inside of them, I believe that there is much reason to show that all humans have the choice to obey or disobey these laws.

Throughout history and different civilizations there seems to be a basic moral law known by all, even if there are some differences in how it seems each civilization puts it into practice.

For example, think of what a completely opposite type of morality would be: a society where people are admired for running away in battle, or for a man who felt proud of double crossing others who showed kindness to him. This is of course almost impossible to imagine, because inside each one of us is the moral law telling us how wrong these things are.

And this law is much more than just herd instinct. Imagine you hear a man cry for help and see him struggling to stay above the water, due to the herd instinct, you will want to help and feel instinctively that you should help. But due to the self-preservation instinct, you’ll want to not help. You will feel the instinct to get away from the danger.

But then you feel a third thing…and this is the human nature. You will feel that it is the right thing to do and you ought to help the person who is crying out and could drown. You see this human nature is judging between the two instincts and deciding which one is right.

It is also something much greater than just morals taught by a teacher or parent. For if it were just this, then all such teachings would have to be looked at as equal. We would not be able to look at Christian morality as any better than Nazi morality. It would be to each his own. However, this is not the case. We feel that one is better than the other. Why? The reason you lean more one way than the other is because there seems to be some ultimate moral law that you are weighing the choices against in the first place.

So, if we can agree that there is a law of nature, it must be pointed out that none of us are really keeping the law of nature. We all fail to practice from time to time the type of behavior we expect from others.

We always have great excuses when we do this: I lost my temper because of the bad day I had at work, when I operate in the not so up and up business it was when we were on really hard times, when I promised to do that it was before I realized all that was involved….But we would not except those excuses from somebody else.

It’s not that we don’t believe in the law of nature. It’s that we believe in it so much that when we don’t meet it we shift the responsibility to someone or something else. Anything to keep from admitting that we didn’t meet it.

However, when we practice the moral law and show kindness or love to others, we pat ourselves on the back and say, “that’s who I really am. Look what I did.” Because again we do believe in human nature and want to show when we follow it.

An important distinction to make is that the law of human nature is different than a scientific law. For example, the law of gravity tells you what a rock ought to do and does every time; if you drop it, the rock will fall. But, the law of human nature tells you what humans ought to do, but don’t do. In the case of the rock and gravity, you just have the facts. You drop the rock it falls. Law of gravity.

In the law of human nature, you have the facts plus something else. The facts of how humans actually behave. And then something else, human nature, how they should behave. For example, if you are getting onto the subway and someone accidentally trips you, you might be mad for a moment, but once you realize it was accident you won’t be mad anymore. Even though it might have hurt….But, if someone sticks out their foot to purposely try to trip you, even if you see it and walk around it, you will be upset. It goes beyond the facts of whether you were tripped or not tripped, hurt or not hurt, it goes to the fact of knowing that there was something right and something wrong.

What does this natural law tell us about the universe we live in?

One view is the Materialist view – pretty much the evolutionary view of how things came to be. This view becomes problematic though. Because in this view you either have to believe that there was some sort of matter that is eternal. Something that has always been existent. That eventually combined with the right something else to start a process that created our universe and eventually developed life. Or you must believe that the something came from nothing. That at one point in time there was absolutely nothing and spontaneously something formed out of that nothing to begin the evolutionary process.

The other view is the Religious view – The universe was created by a higher being, with some purposes unknown and some purposes known. That this higher being wished to create others like Himself, in the sense that they have a mind.

So, we would ask ourselves what is the best way to conclude if this higher being exists. Now simply observing the universe would certainly begin to point us in this direction. To see that there is some sort of master artist or painter behind all that we see. However, this would not shed too much light on who this higher being is. Just as the way an architect could not show himself within the staircase or wall of a house he built.

The beauty of the world the universe does put to the existence of a higher being, but not to what this higher being is like. The only way left for that higher being to show Himself is within ourselves. And that’s exactly what He does through the moral law. Now we must ask the question, “What does the moral law teach us about the character of the higher being?”

From the moral law we find out that the Being behind the universe is intensely interested in fair conduct, right play, unselfishness, courage, good faith, honesty, truthfulness. Therefore we should agree with the account given by Christianity and some other religions that God is good.

Remember, not good in a soft way. Good in a hard as nails way. Because the moral law does not tell us to do the easy, soft thing. It tells us to do the right thing. Even when it’s hard or difficult.

So, on one hand we believe in this good God because we believe in this moral law and the things it says are right and wrong. On the other hand, we want this Higher Being to excuse us personally when we go against this moral. But, deep down we know that unless this higher being does not excuse, but is against all things that are done that are night right, then He truly couldn’t be called good.

It then gets really complicated, because that higher being would hate most of what goes on in this universe because most of what goes on is not good and does not follow the moral law. Without this higher being who is good, our case is hopeless because then the universe is not governed by this overarching goodness and moral law.

But, with this higher being, who is ultimately good, our case is hopeless again because daily we make ourselves more an enemy to this higher being because of the way we behave that does not match up with the goodness of the moral law that He put inside of us.

Christianity only matters after you have realized that there is a moral law and a power behind the moral law and that you’ve broken that law and put yourself wrong with the higher power. After all this, and not a moment sooner, is when Christianity begins to talk.

Christianity does end in comfort. But, starts in the dismay we’ve been describing.  There is no point in going straight to the comfort until at first you go through this dismay that you need to be comforted from.